Basic Concepts of AI

Basic AI Concepts Every Job Seeker Should Know (2023)

Are you familiar with basic AI concepts? We have all heard them thrown around quite a bit recently, but some terms can be confusing for people who are new to AI. If you are a job seeker on the market looking to pursue a career in AI, this article is going to give you the confidence to speak to AI concepts easily with confidence and examples.

Moreover, I have decided to write about these concept descriptions and examples in plain English and jargon-free.

How does that sound? Let’s do it!

Basic AI Concepts

Basic AI Concepts You Should Know in 2023 (Feisworld AI Glossary)

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

  • Description: A broad field of computer science focused on creating smart machines capable of performing tasks that typically require human intelligence.
  • Examples: Siri (Apple’s voice assistant), Tesla’s Autopilot

Machine Learning (ML)

  • Description: A subset of AI involving algorithms to parse data, learn from it, and make predictions or decisions.
  • Examples: Netflix’s recommendation system, Google’s search algorithm

Deep Learning

  • Description: A subset of ML involving neural networks with three or more layers.
  • Brands: DeepMind (developed AlphaGo), OpenAI (e.g., GPT-4)

Neural Network

  • Description: A computational model based on the structure of a biological neural network.
  • Examples: Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) for image recognition, Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs) for time series data

Natural Language Processing (NLP)

  • Description: A branch of AI focused on the interaction between computers and human language.
  • Examples: ChatGPT by OpenAI, Google Translate


  • Description: A set of rules or procedures for solving a problem.
  • Examples: Google’s PageRank (for search), Facebook’s News Feed algorithm

Training Data

  • Description: Data provided to an AI or ML model to learn from.
  • Brands: ImageNet (used in image recognition), Kaggle (a platform with datasets)

Supervised Learning

  • Description: ML where the algorithm is trained using labeled data.
  • Examples: Spam email classifiers, credit approval systems

Unsupervised Learning

  • Description: ML training using data without explicit labels.
  • Examples: Customer segmentation in marketing, Topic modeling in text data

Reinforcement Learning

  • Description: An ML method where agents learn by receiving rewards or penalties.
  • Examples: AlphaGo by DeepMind, Q-learning for game playing


  • Description: The output of an ML model when given new input data.
  • Examples: Weather forecasting models, Stock price prediction tools

Bias (in AI/ML)

  • Description: When an algorithm produces results that are systematically prejudiced.
  • Examples: Amazon’s recruitment tool that showed bias, Face recognition tools with racial biases


  • Description: When an ML model performs poorly on new data because it’s too closely adapted to the training data.
  • Conceptual Term: Tools like Lasso and Ridge regression help combat it.


  • Description: A software application designed to simulate human conversation.
  • Brands/Examples: IBM Watson Assistant, Mitsuku Chatbot

Robotics Process Automation (RPA)

  • Description: Software robots or “bots” to automate repetitive tasks.
  • Brands: UiPath, Blue Prism

Computer Vision

  • Description: An AI field for interpreting and acting upon visual information.
  • Examples: Google Photos, Amazon Go stores

Turing Test

  • Description: A measure of a machine’s ability to mimic human intelligence.
  • Notable Instance: Eugene Goostman, a chatbot with claims of passing the Turing Test

General AI vs. Narrow AI

  • Description: General AI aims to perform any intellectual task a human can do, while Narrow AI is specialized.
  • General AI: No true examples yet, but OpenAI and DeepMind aim here.
  • Narrow AI: Siri, Alexa, chatbots, recommendation engines.

Conclusion: Basic AI Concepts and Terms for Job Seekers

In the rapidly evolving landscape of the job market, AI is no longer confined to the realms of tech giants or startups; it’s permeating industries across the board. Whether you’re diving into a technical role or simply aiming to be AI-literate in your profession, understanding these basic AI concepts offers a competitive edge. As automation and intelligence drive the next wave of innovation, job seekers equipped with a foundational grasp of AI are poised to ride the wave, ensuring they remain relevant, adaptable, and ahead of the curve. To all job seekers out there, remember: knowledge is power, and in today’s world, understanding AI is a part of that empowerment.

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